2015年11月 のアーカイブ

MAY
2
4

教室裡學不到的日語 / Learning Japanese Outside of the Classroom

 

(*English is below the Chinese text)

 

語言最重要的價值是溝通,因此我認為能讓對方了解自己的想法,比起會很多文法、
背很多單字相比重要得多。憶起三月剛抵達日本時,雖然在台灣已學過一年的日語,
但僅只讀寫能力,聽說的能力趨近於零,面對正常語速的日本語聽不太懂,只能抓關鍵字似懂非懂,
要回答時也說不出口,想到銀行開戶,卻因為日文太爛聽不懂櫃姐的說明,
就被請回去說麻煩聽懂了之後再來;和日本朋友初次見面,雖然有很多話想說,
卻總無法在自我介紹之後有更深入的談話,種種的一切讓我覺得好挫折。
因為和讀寫不同的是,在對話時能有的反應時間極短,而且都只有一次機會,
不像文章可以反覆閱讀推敲。因此,為了在最短的時間內讓我的日文進步到能溝通的程度,
除了上課專心聽講之外,我制定了三個計畫。

 

一、 參加社團
有共同興趣便能產生共同話題,所謂「志同道合」比較容易成為朋友,
參加社團不僅能交到日本朋友,還可以學到年輕人的流行語,聽聽他們實際上到底是怎麼說話的,
絕對和課本上生硬的例句不一樣!

 

二、 找打工
日本是一個以「禮」著名的國家,因此學好「敬語」便是學習日文很重要的一環,
死背講義或許看得懂、寫得出來,但在實際使用上總是不流利或不知怎麼說比較好。
因此,找一個打工,在工作場所實際使用,透過頻繁的練習,假以時日一定能說一口流利的敬語!

 

三、 參加ICC的活動!
ICC舉辦各種大大小小的異文化交流活動,像是人氣最高的「語言與文化交換」活動,
網站登錄即可配對練習的對象,也有「大家說日語聊天社」或「各國語言下午茶」,
在這些活動中可以用日文或你有興趣的語言自由談自己想聊的話題,認識朋友同時練習口說能力,
如果你很忙無法抽出完整的一個半小時參加上述活動,也可以帶著你的午餐來參加「各國語言午餐」,
在輕鬆的氛圍中邊吃邊聊,不知不覺進步!

 

以我為例,因為喜歡跳舞,我參加了早稻田一個名為「SesSion」的熱舞社,
透過研究社團LINE群組的對話,我學會了很多有趣的流行語和實用的語句,
讓我的日文自然不少,另外,在剛抵達早稻田時,我參加了幾乎所有ICC舉辦的迎新活動,
給了我很多開口說日文的機會並且交到很多朋友,這也是我想成為SSL的主因,
想用我當初獲得成長的經驗幫助更多在學日語的留學生!

 

雖然說這篇主旨講的是學習日文的方法,但我覺得這些方法對學習任何語言都適用,
希望你們喜歡這篇文章,以說一口流利的日語為目標,在這條路上我們一起努力吧!

 

LH (Student Staff)

 

 

 

Learning Japanese Outside of the Classroom

 

Speaking of language, I think the essential value of it is to convey one’s thoughts to others.
That is to say, being good at letting others know what you want to say is more important
than knowing all the words in the dictionary.

 

I can remember very clearly that although I had learned Japanese for a year and a half
before coming to Waseda, I could barely speak any Japanese when I arrived here, which I
found really frustrating. I was turned down by the UFJ bank when I tried to open a new
account because my Japanese level was too low to understand the staff’s explanations.
I couldn’t have further conversations with Japanese friends after our self-introductions
even though I had over a thousand words I had learned in my head.

 

To solve these problems, I made several plans to improve my Japanese desperately as
quickly as possible in order to make my life in Japan smoother. Aside from exerting all
your efforts in Japanese classes, I recommend the following three methods which can help
you improve your spoken Japanese and even learn things that you will probably never
learn in class.

 

First, join a student club that you are interested in.
It is always easier for people who share mutual interests to become friends with each other.
By joining a student club, you can make Japanese friends of the same age and learn popular
Japanese phrases young people use frequently through casual conversations.

 

Second, find a part-time job.
Having a part-time job, you can learn how to speak correct “keigo”. Since Japan is a country
of politeness, knowing how to speak correct keigo is very important for Japanese learners.
However, it’s kind of difficult to learn just using books, but you can naturally remember
keigo through actually using it to communicate with customers so I think it’s easier to learn
through working.

 

Last but not least, come to ICC!
ICC holds various language-related events frequently and anyone, as long as you are
interested in ICC’s events, are always welcome to come. Sign up for the popular
Language and Culture Exchange Program to find a partner to practice Japanese with on a regular
basis. There is also the Japanese Chat Club where you can chat freely while practicing your Japanese. Also, if you don’t have much time,you can bring your own lunchbox and drop by
the weekly Language Lunches.

 

In my own case, I joined a dancing club called “SesSion” since I also like dancing. I learned
lots of phrases by reading the messages in the LINE group and during practice. Also, I
attended almost every ICC event for aimed at freshman and benefited a lot from them.
That’s the reason why I became a Student Staff Leader (SSL) at ICC and fulfilled my plan of
finding a part-time job.

 

To conclude, although the title for this article is about learning Japanese, these methods can
of course be used to learn any language. I hope you found the methods useful and I hope you
also liked my story. I am still learning too and hope to speak fluent Japanese in near future.
Let’s do our best! 頑張りましょう!

 

LH (Student Staff)